THE NUER CONCEPTION OF SPIRIT IN ITS RELATION TO THE SOCIAL ORDER By E. E. EVANS-PRITCHARD I HAVE published recently a series of papers dealing with various aspects of the Nuer conception of Kwoth, spirit. - - E. E. Evans-Pritchard. The Meaning of Sacrifice, Chapter XII - It was published in 1956 by the anthropologist E. E. Evans-Pritchard, based on practices observed and conversations with members of Nuer society during his year-long stay among them. - Spirits of the Above, Chapter III The anthropologist Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard (1902–1973) did extensive ethnographic studies among the Azande and Nuer peoples who were considered "primitive" by society and earlier scholars. Spirits of the Below, Chapter IV In this book, Evans-Pritchard provides a very interesting insight into the relationship between Nuer people and the cattle, their dearest possession. The Concept of God in African Nuer Religion. Religious interdictions among the Nuer serve to enforce the social order. It is therefore difficult to draw conclusions about the correlation between Nuer religion and the larger, regional social context. Spirit and the Social Order, Chapter V Soul and Ghost, Chapter VII Sin, Chapter VIII Some Reflections on Nuer Religion, {{filterTypeLookup[searchItem.filterType]}}, {{searchTypeLookup[searchItem.searchType]}}, Primary Sources (Literary and Historical), Full access to this book and over 83,000 more, Over 14 million journal, magazine, and newspaper articles, Access to powerful writing and research tools. The Problem of Symbols, Chapter VI A distinction which is central both to Nuer religion and society, that is, to justice administered by Spirit and by man, is that between an intentional or malicious fault (duer), and an unintentional or unwitting fault (gwac). The Problem of Symbols, Chapter VI Please click the button below to reload the page. By E. E. Evans-Pritchard (E.E. This may cause confusion to non-Nuer observers, but there is no confusion among the Nuer as to which sense of the word is meant in any given context- it means one thing or the other, or both, as the situation demands. - - E.E. Those who read his account will see that it differs in many respects from what I now present, though less with regard to fact than in emphasis and interpretation. - Spirits of the Below, Chapter I - - Therefore, much emphasis is placed in Nuer culture on keeping the peace, taking responsibility and offering restitution when one has wronged another. The other spirits, of the above (kuth nhial) and of the below (kuth piny) are considered to have “fallen” into foreign lands and only in the past century been adopted by the Nuer, often through contact and intermarriage with the neighboring Dinka people (Evans-Pritchard 29). Accounts of religion in writings on the Nuer are generally meagre and superficial. Sacrifice, Chapter IX Such observations may, however, be more valuable in a study of religious thought than those derived from purposive inquiry. Some Reflections on Nuer Religion, Chapter I Being in the right with people (having cuong) and being in the right with Spirit are considered to be one and the same (Evans-Pritchard 18). The Meaning of Sacrifice, Chapter XII Although Nuer religious ideas and practices were a part of their way of life which greatly interested me, it was that to which I was able to give least attention during my short residence of a year in Nuerland. The only detailed treatment is in Father J. P. Crazzolara's Zur Gesellschaft und Religion der Nueer (1953), much of which appeared earlier in volume viii of Father W. Schmidt's Der Ursprung der Gottesidee (1949). He was Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Oxford from 1946 to 1970. The present volume, Nuer Religion, completes a study of the Nuer which began in 1930. The Bisexual Mind in Ovid’s Metomorphoses, The Social Bond Theory ~ Examples and Benefits for Children, The Mel Gibson Saga, Chapter 3: Apocolypto is Coming. − one = 8. The authority of Spirit over man is based on vastly superior wisdom and knowledge, and it is on this premise that Spirit is understood to have cuong, or, literally, “uprightness”, in any situation (Evans-Pritchard 16). The one exception to this comes in the discussion of the lesser spirits. It is for a related reason that, during certain sacrifices and ceremonies, it is customary for those involved to air “grievances, both real and imagined” (Evans-Pritchard 109), in order to purge resentment, lest it fester and become a curse. It also serves to keep in check the more human forces of envy and covetousness which are believed to give rise to the evil eye (peth) (Evans-Pritchard 15). - God, Chapter II The Nuer people are a Nilotic ethnic group concentrated in the Greater Upper Nile region of South Sudan.They also live in the Ethiopian region Gambella, They speak the Nuer language, which belongs to the Nilotic language family.They are the second largest ethnic group in south Sudan.The Nuer people are pastoralists who herd cattle for a living. It is perhaps a function of the era in which he writes that this puzzlement is expected. Evans-Pritchard, E. E. Nuer Religion. Evans-Pritchard. I have previously written two books on the Nuer, a cattle-herding people dwelling in the swamps and savannah of the southern Anglo-Egyptian Sudan: The Nuer. The Nuer is one of the best known of all ethnographic studies, and the reason for this is clear: Evans-Pritchard gives a brilliant and insightful picture of an interesting and unusual people. It was necessary to learn their language and to study their manner of livelihood and their family, kinship, and political activities before giving close attention to the more difficult problems of their religious thought. - The Sacrificial Role of Cattle, Chapter XI The Concept of God in African Nuer Religion. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while. These tasks, all the heavier in the arduous conditions in which they had to be carried out, left me little time to pursue anything which could be called a systematic inquiry into religious matters. - While a Functionalist view of Nuer religious behavior is not explicitly stated in the monograph, the structure of the monograph with regard to presentation of religious behaviors and their social repercussions fully invites such an interpretation. From Evans-Pritchard's descriptions, the Nuer in the 1930s seemed to practice a life that must have been very similar to that of the first agriculturalists. He explained in detail how the Nuer thought about laws, politics, and their society. In other words, the reasonable-person principle applies in human justice, and is extended to divine justice (Evans-Pritchard 18). - Soul and Ghost, Chapter VII His studies of the Nuer (pronounced Nu-er, with the accent … The concept of yop, which is the idea that good fortune should be downplayed rather than celebrated, lest it be taken away, and that ill fortune should be accepted rather than bemoaned, serves to protect the Nuer from a Spirit who punishes undue arrogance. Evans-Pritchard saw these people as different, but not primitive. In fact their modes of organising society seem to be almost a bridge between what might be called a … Sacrifice, Chapter IX In order to understand the culture, political and social structure of the Nuer tribe Evans-Pritchard’s advice is “cherchez la vacha”. At LSE he came under the influence of Bronisław Malinowski and especially Charles Gabriel Seligman, the founding ethnographer of the Sudan. Evans-Pritchard, in full Sir Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard, (born September 21, 1902, Crowborough, Sussex, England—died September 11, 1973, Oxford, Oxfordshire), one of England’s foremost social anthropologists, especially known for his investigations of African cultures, for his exploration of segmentary systems, and for his explanations of witchcraft and magic. James 2007 and Lienhardt 1974 provide some insight into Evans-Pritchard’s influence on Oxford anthropology. 1980. Intention is understood to be of foremost importance when considering any incorrect action, and adequate contrition and reparation or sacrifice can mediate any offense. At Oxford he was part of the Hypocrites' Club. Nuer Religion is a monograph on the religious and spiritual behavior and beliefs of the Nuer people of the southern Sudan. - - Nuer Religion is a monograph on the religious and spiritual behavior and beliefs of the Nuer people of the southern Sudan. Many other aspects of Nuer religious thought and practice are discussed throughout the monograph, including the idea of sin as contagion, totemic spirits and propitiatory sacrifice, but it is the concept of kwoth that is central to Nuer society, and to which all of these concepts are linked. Your email address will not be published. Sir Edward Evan "E. E." Evans-Pritchard (21 September 1902 – 11 September 1973) was an English anthropologist who was instrumental in the development of social anthropology. The Sacrificial Role of Cattle, Chapter XI - A simplified but firsthand account of Evans-Pritchard’s own view of anthropology can be gained from a series of broadcast lectures delivered in 1950 and published as Evans-Pritchard 1951. This is especially so when a people lack, as the Nuer do, anything which offers easy scope for such an inquiry, for they have nothing which can properly be called dogma, liturgy, and sacraments (in sensu stricto), and they lack a developed religious cult and mythology. An unknown error has occurred. How and when a feud is resolved is relative to the groups involved in the fight Find Nuer Religion by Evans-Pritchard, E E at Biblio. This book was written during a transitional period in anthropological theory, and in the concluding chapter, Evans-Pritchard rejects as prejudiced and insufficiently informed the Social Evolutionist theories of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, while noting that “little has been put in their place” (Evans-Pritchard 314). the nuer a description of the modes of livelihood and political institutions of a nilotic people by e. e. evans-pritchard m.a. 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